Egg tempera on board
9 x 12 inches
Signed and dated on the lower right
At first glance, Jacob Lawrence’s Nativity looks to be a decidedly nonpolitical depiction of a familiar biblical story – the birth of Jesus in a manger. Arranged in a stage-like setting, the holy family is rendered as African American and surrounded by a group of blue chickens and three oversized roosters, which may be a reference to the three wise men. Yet the exaggerated points of the roosters’ combs evoke the crown on the Statue of Liberty, suggesting the promise of hope in the dawn of the civil rights movement. Nativity was painted in 1954, the year of the landmark Supreme Court case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. While the ruling paved the way for integration and the civil rights movement, skepticism was felt among the African American community. Lawrence’s stylistic use of fractured, sharp, and shard-like lines reflects the charged racial environment of the period.